Monthly Archives: December 2015

Ashish Deora : what & types of Iron Ore

what is Iron ore ?? By Ashish Deora

ashish Deora iron_ore_mines
ashish Deora iron_ore_mines
Iron Ore :Iron minerals are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be monetarily removed. The metals are normally rich in iron oxides and shift in shading from dull dark, brilliant yellow, profound purple, to corroded red. The iron itself is generally found as magnetite (Fe3O4), hematite (Fe2O3), goethite, limonite or siderite. Hematite is otherwise known as "common mineral". The name alludes in the early years of mining, when certain hematite metals contained 66% iron and could be bolstered straightforwardly into impact heaters. Iron mineral is the crude material used to make pig iron, which is one of the primary crude materials to make steel. 98% of the mined iron mineral is utilized to make steel.Minnesota's iron metal was really found while miners were scanning for gold. Since the object of their inquiry was gold, the iron was disregarded. It turned out the iron would turn out to be a great deal more profitable to northern Minnesota than the little measure of gold found.Iron metal was found on the three iron extents at diverse times. The main metal transported from the Vermilion Range was in 1884, the Mesabi Range in 1892, and the Cuyuna Range in 1911.World utilization of iron metal grows 10% for every annum all things considered with the principle shoppers being Korea, China ,The United States, European Union and Japan.Iron metal mining techniques shift by the sort of mineral being mined. There are four principle sorts of iron metal stores worked as of now, contingent upon the mineralogy and topography of the metal stores. These are magnetite, titanomagnetite, huge hematite and pisolitic ironstone stores.Hematite metalHematite iron metal stores are right now abused on all mainlands, with the biggest force of misuse in South America, Australia and Asia. Most huge hematite iron metal stores are sourced from metasomatically changed joined iron developments and once in a while volcanic aggregations.Hematite iron is ordinarily rarer than magnetite bearing grouped iron developments or different rocks which shape its principle source or protolith rock, however it is extensively less expensive and simpler to beneficiate the hematite metals and requires impressively less vitality to pulverize and crush. Hematite metals however can contain fundamentally higher convergences of punishment components, ordinarily being higher in phosphorus, water content (particularly pisolite sedimentary collections) and aluminum (muds inside pisolites).Magnetite united iron storesUnited iron developments are fine grained transformed sedimentary rocks made transcendently out of magnetite and silica (quartz). United iron developments are privately known as taconite inside of North America.Mining and preparing of grouped iron arrangements includes coarse smashing and screening, trailed by harsh pulverizing and fine crushing to decrease the metal to the point where the solidified magnetite and quartz are sufficiently fine that the quartz is deserted when the resultant powder is gone under an attractive separator.The key parameters for magnetite metal being financial are the crystallinity of the magnetite, the evaluation of the iron inside of the joined iron arrangement host rock, and the contaminant components which exist inside of the magnetite concentrate. The size and strip proportion of most magnetite assets is immaterial as joined iron developments can be several meters thick, with many kilometers of strike, and can without much of a stretch come to more than 2,500 million tons of contained metal.The common evaluation of iron at which a magnetite-bearing joined iron arrangement turns out to be monetarily practical to mine is approximately 25% Fe, which can by and large yield a 33% to 40% recuperation of magnetite by weight, to create a pack reviewing in abundance of 64% Fe by weight. The commonplace magnetite iron mineral concentrate has under 0.1% phosphorus, 3-7% silica and under 3% aluminum.The grain size of the magnetite and its level of coexisting with the silica groundmass decide the drudgery size to which the stone must be decreased to empower productive attractive partition to give a high immaculateness magnetite concentrate. This decides the vitality inputs required to run a processing operation. For the most part most magnetite united iron development stores must be ground to somewhere around 32 and 45 micrometers so as to give a low-silica magnetite concentrate. Magnetite concentrate evaluations are by and large in overabundance of 63% Fe by weight and as a rule are low phosphorus, low aluminum, low titanium and low silica and request a premium cost.As of now magnetite iron mineral is mined in Minnesota and Michigan in the U.S., and Eastern Canada mine taconite. Magnetite bearing joined iron arrangement is at present mined widely in Brazil, which sends out noteworthy amounts to Asia, and there is an big and creating magnetite iron metal industry in Australia.TaconiteTaconite is an iron-bearing, high-silica, stone like rock. It is a Precambrian sedimentary rock alluded to as a grouped iron development because of the regular rotating iron-rich layers and shale or chert layers. The finely scattered iron substance, present as magnetite, is by and large 25 to 30%. In the late nineteenth and mid twentieth hundreds of years, iron mineral was of such top notch that taconite was viewed as an uneconomic waste item. After World War II, the vast majority of the high review metal in the United States had been mined out, thus taconite was swung to as another wellspring of iron. To process taconite, the metal is ground into a fine powder, the iron is isolated from the waste rock by utilizing solid magnets, and afterward the powdered iron concentrate is joined with bentonite mud and limestone as a flux and moved into pellets around one centimeter in measurement that are roughly 65% iron. The pellets are warmed to high temperatures to oxidize the magnetite (Fe3O4) to hematite (Fe2O3) for further preparing.The Mesabi Iron Range district of Minnesota is a noteworthy creation zone. The taconite iron concentrate is pulled by rail to stacking docks at Twin Ports of Duluth, Two Harbors ,Silver Bay, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin, all on Lake Superior. The metal is for the most part transported by lake vessels to different areas on the Great Lakes. Numerous steelmaking focuses are situated close Lake Erie and lower Lake Michigan, around Gary - Ashish Deora Incomming search term

Ashish Deora Signing the MOU with AMPA

CEO - Aurum Mining Pte Ltd: Mr Ashish Deora.Signing MOU. Minister of Agriculture: Katia Abreu. Governor of Amapa State: Waldez Goes Director-President Agencia Amapa: Eliezir Viterbino

Interview Eliezir Viterbino – Radio Program

Ashish Deoar Interview on Eliezir Viterbino Radio Program

Interview Eliezir Viterbino – Radio Program

Ashish deora Interview Eliezir Viterbino - Radio Program

It is not ” Aurum ” All that glitters

The old Latin word for gold, "Aurum", was reborn in our midst and is often heard in some units of the ministries of Industry, Energy and Mining (MIEM) and Housing Land Use and Environment (MVOTMA).Its use in these areas could be related to the gold mining operations in Rivera, more precisely in Minas de Corrales, Orosur (Loryser SA) mining claims now to continue with its mining operations by reducing the tax exemption canon.Yet, paradoxically, this Aurum has no relation to gold in our country, but with iron.At the outbreak of the Guarani language Aratirí, linked to more exotic word "Zamin" it would now be followed by the Latin word Aurum related, in the global world today, not with Rome but with India.A few hours after the legal deadline for Minera SA Aratirí sign a contract with the government to extract iron in our territory, changes in the corporate boards of Aratirí group presented at the National Directorate of Environment (DINAMA) runs give that the familiar face of Mr. Pramod Agarwal and will not often seen in Uruguay, and perhaps less in the Executive Tower. His name and that of its representatives has been replaced by those of members of Aurum Ventures in official documents.Aurum Ventures Private Limited Ashish Deora is a company with offices in Mumbai (India) which until now had only dabbled in mining issues in Africa, and that only the level of resource exploration in Tanzania and Mozambique.Now the company says on its website (1) it has acquired interests in Uruguay Zamin Ferrous (Aratirí) and Brazil (Zamapa).So when already in several media statements by the Minister Carolina Cosse in the sense that it will not sign any contract with Aratirí. The reason would be that the company Minera SA Aratirí not complete, since its introduction four years ago, the studies required to obtain environmental clearance.While it is remarkable that a national authority is aware of this lack, it is still worrying that according to the article published last week in search, only a week ago the Ministry itself that directs Ing. Cosse was sending Minera I Aratirí draft contract for review.You can add that to sign the contract also need to Aratirí present the guarantees stipulated by our legislation and on the other, not the observations and requirements that may have made the project the National Directorate of Mines and Geology (DINAMIGE) known under the MIEM and that despite the court ruling in favor, it has not been able to access the company reports to the MIEM.Outside the legal, technical and economic failures of Aratirí, the requirement that the contract date of commencement of mining works(2) stipulated unfeasible signing the contract when the international price of ore is below cost extraction sites such as Valentines.The situation in the international iron ore market, with plenty of product extracted from sites with high concentration, coupled with the retraction of the main buyer (China), made analysts predict that prices will remain low for several years(3)Given this situation, one wonders why the presence and interest of Aurum Ventures in Uruguay, when it is clear that the market will not change much, and less on the 270 days Aurum can extend the deadline to sign the contract by submitting another bidder that is done by the project, as required by law.If not now introduces a new interest in the exploitation of deposits or if this occurs, but do not reach an agreement in 270 days, then the state has the right, not the obligation, to acquire the information of the company(4 ).This requires first decide if the benefit of the country to acquire this information, referring to sites known and studied by the state for more than 50 years(5) does.If you decide to purchase, then it is important to know the value that can have this information and it is an index to meet the investment made by the company to get it.In this regard, in October 2011 Aratirí expressed in official documents submitted to DINAMA have invested $ 60 million, and so looks on page 3 of Chapter 0 of Volume 1 of document.(6).Only three months later, in January 2012 when it was over personal unemployment insurance and stopped exploration activities, the company presented in their brochures press had invested $ 170 million.(7)This new figure of 170 million remained until June 2012(8)In January 2013, six months later, almost all staff in unemployment insurance without having mining activity in Uruguay, the company declared in a statement posted on its website to 200 million invested.(9)No new references to the subject until 2014, when the statements appear in different media of then President Jose Mujica and Repulica Senator Agazzi placed investment by Minera SA Aratirí 300 million.(10)The most obvious question is: How do we reach this figure five times higher than the official document of October 2011?That question is much more than rhetoric, when that investment is measured to determine the value that may have information that could buy the state.There being no other business opportunity and being that not signing the contract mining rights are lost, just left to wonder:Will the sale of that information the reason why Aurum Ventures (CEO Mr.Ashish Deora). has taken over Aratirí? 

Carolina Cosse: No environmental clearance the government will not sign any contract mining large size"It is not going to sign with Zamin Ferrous ( Aratirí ) " he said in an interview with The Big Picture Industry Minister , Carolina Cosse , not for lack of time but because it has environmental authorization Dinama . The minister also said the government is considering exempting the part of the canon to Orosur Mining to protect jobs. "The government has been very demanding" in terms of demanding environmental criteria, "it seems difficult to be more demanding," Cosse said. "Not only are you receiving and approving a project, it is also a matter of national interest," he added, and it is intended that "remains not only money and material goods but also production capacities". About what will happen to workers engaged Aratirí, Cosse said it is "a matter of the company" and not the government. "If you are not environmental authorization no contract is signed. The Mining Law of Great Porte is clear in this regard: the authorization has to be, "said the minister, adding that the government of Tabare Vazquez and Jose Mujica" seriously have done all the processes that lead or not an environmental authorization "and that" this government's environmental protection is a fundamental issue. " After several extensions, today is the deadline for the Government and Aratirí sign the investment contract for the extraction of iron Valentines area. In the non-signing of the agreement, a period of 90 days in which the company can introduce a new open interest, then the state has 120 days to accept or not the third party, he explained the minister. Cosse said that Uruguay has to resolve "the contradiction between economic and industrial development and environmental protection" that "out doing the two things." Regarding the project Orosur Mining, Cosse said the government is studying whether it can, "in some areas where the law allows," exonerate the canon to protect jobs.

Aratirí looking for a partner to refloat the draft Valentines

ashish deoraDiscarded the original project, the Indian capital company negotiates with a third party to take charge of the initiative extraction of iron. The deadline set by the law of large-sized mining expired Tuesday for the business executive and the Indian capital Aratirí (Zamin Ferrous) to negotiate the signing of a contract for removal of iron openwork surrounding area Valentines town (Thirty-Three). After several twists and turns involving the administration of José Mujica (2010-2015) and the current Tabare Vazquez, the government has ruled out giving way to the foreign firm to start his project megaminería. The main reason lies in the environmental aspect. The National Directorate of Environment (DINAMA) processed large documents delivered by Aratirí to achieve unprecedented empowerment, but the company (according to the government) never finished answering questions and deliver the clarifications demanded that the environmental authority. The mining law of great size, which was amended in late 2014 to give more one year negotiating privately with government grants now Aratirí the opportunity to submit to the Executive a new partner to take over the project. That must happen within 90 days. Then have another 120 days to complete the process of empowerment to begin extracting iron. Aratirí a source confirmed to The Observer that the company filed with a third party to take charge of the enterprise. That "plan b", as they call the directors of the Indian firm, may involve mining company Aurum Ventures, who days ago said as new member of Zamin Ferrous. However, the same source told The Observer Aratirí who is not a shareholder in Aurum Mining Aratirí, and therefore could be presented to the government as a third party as required by law. On August 20 the nationalist senator Luis Lacalle Pou submitted a request for information to the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Mining (MIEM) to know of the alleged contacts he had had the holder of that portfolio, Carolina Cosse, with directors of Aurum Ventures. On October 26, El Pais also reported that "apparently" the mining project "changed hands". In fact Aurum Ventures on its website detailing the Valentines project in Uruguay, but describes a smaller scale than originally presented by Aratirí. The minister Cosse handled as a possibility yesterday that Aurum is the new partner to present the Indian mining in this period that opens after the failure in negotiations. In an interview with Radio Oriental perspective, Secretary of State confirmed that no environmental clearance the government will not sign any contract extraction of iron scale. "The government has been very demanding (in environmental matters with Aratirí), I find it difficult to be more demanding," he said. Más chicoThe decline in the international price of iron has been one of the aspects that influenced the business questions. The company said it needed an iron to US $ 100 a tonne, but the price has halved. In addition to the environmental aspect, the Aratirí mining should provide guarantees of maintaining supply of tens of millions of dollars, not counting the millionaire deposits to ensure compliance with environmental repairs in case of failure to comply with obligations in this regard. On its website, Aurum Ventures ensures that the project in Valentines involves the removal of 9 million tonnes of iron concentrate per year, then raise (without a date) that production doubled, ie at the pace envisioned Aratirí from the start. The signing of Indian origin had already handled the possibility of starting its operations gradually, and now presents its potential partner. That was even the president Mujica transmitted, according to the weekly Busqueda at the time. However, that possibility was ruled to logistical difficulties, as also implied remove iron rail to the port of Montevideo, almost impossible according to road conditions and the reality of AFE. Aurum Ventures, moreover, relates country's achievements and praised Uruguay and his government in their website. "Uruguay is a bastion of pragmatic economic policies that favor business and foreign investment," says the company. Then ensure that the country is on a path of "formidable" growth and macroeconomic soundness ponders, "social and political" stability and "strong legal certainty". 

Smart City Jayu’s preliminary note

A smart city should be smart in the eyes of the people who live there. It should make the people feel privileged and fortunate to live here. Not just for the sake of competition of 100 smart cities.The initiative is good. The implementation should be useful. The approach taken by corporate is of technology – wi-fi data enabled. Yes it is useful and good use of technology, however general public should find it useful. – difference is usefulness. i.e.STP water treatment is a must, but the general public will hardly know.If busses are beautiful but the elderly and handicapped people are unable to use them, can we call it SMART? Hardly. So taking this approach of being a really SMART city – I propose a slightly measurable and a little more human approach to the technology approach.Truly Smart cities are those where not just the general public have things moving smoothly and efficiently and easily for them, but even those who are not in the mainstream or not in the majority of numbers – elderly, handicapped, people with pets to name a few examples – also find it easy to be a part of this city. They too are included in the thoughts for planning and development and they too are made to feel comfortable in their day-to-day activities in the city.Let’s make the city Friendly for all these following groups of people:
  1. All citizens
  2. Culture Friendly
  3. Tourist Friendly
  4. Environment Friendly
  5. Pet Friendly
  6. Tree Friendly
  7. Elderly Friendly
  8. Children Friendly
  9. Handicapped Friendly
  10. Photographer Friendly
  11. Health Friendly
  12. Power / Energy Friendly
  13. Travel Friendly
  14. Rain water Friendly
  15. Footpath Friendly
  16. Hoarding Friendly
  17. E-library
  18. Wi-Fi friendly
  19. Learning Friendly
  20. Police Friendly
  21. Bird Friendly
  22. Consumer Friendly
  23. Theatre, Performing arts friendly
  24. Artist Friendly
  25. Sports Friendly
  26. Law and Order Friendly
  27. Road Safety Friendly
  28. Safety and Security Friendly
  29. Entertainment Friendly
  30. Food Friendly

Uruguay, would be looking partner Aratirí refloating project Valentines

The mining law of large size gives the company now Aratirí the opportunity to submit to the Executive a new partner to take over the mining project.Last Tuesday was the deadline set by the Mining Act of Uruguay for the government of that country and the Indian capital company Aratirí (Zamin Ferrous) to negotiate the signing of a contract for removal of iron open pit in an area surrounding the town of Valentines , on Thirty-Three region.It is recalled that the Uruguayan government has ruled out giving way to the foreign firm to start his project megaminería. The main reason lies in the environmental aspect, according to the Observer.The publication notes that the National Directorate of Environment of the country (Dinama) analyzed the extensive documents submitted by Aratirí to achieve unprecedented empowerment, but the company never finished answering the questions and deliver the clarifications demanded that the environmental authority.The mining law of great size, which was amended in late 2014 to give more one year negotiating privately with government grants now Aratirí the opportunity to submit to the Executive a new partner to take over the project . That must happen within 90 days. Then have another 120 days to complete the process of empowerment to begin extracting iron.Aratirí a source confirmed to The Observer that the company filed with a third party to take charge of the enterprise. That "plan b", as they call the executives of the firm may involve the mining company Aurum Ventures, who days ago said as a new member of Zamin Ferrous. However, the same source told The Observer Aratirí who is not a shareholder in Aurum Mining Aratirí, and therefore could be presented to the government as a third party as required by law. 

Mining fragmented two peoples

Aratirí investment was suspended, but in Cerro Chato and Valentines life changed.ashish deroaLarge mining projects did not materialize and its future is uncertain, but in Cerro Chato and Valentines life is not the same. The neighbors say that relations between acquaintances and even family always deteriorated. The differences are among those who have expectations of progress economically in place and prevent emigration, and those who think it is not good business for the country.Those who opposed the mining project held has not materialized because they claim that "they were going to install a time bomb in the middle of the country."Most local producers still think that mining is bad business. The farmer of the Cerro Chato, Julio Gomez, who was always against the megaminería the way I was raised, said "the capital that was traditional in this society girl was destroyed, and that is not measured" . "Solidarity and way of doing things together and together not already recovers," he said, and cited the spirit of collaboration that had that society embodied in the fact that he donated the land for the hospital and the school in Cerro Chato. "That broke with the different positions."According to the producer, this occurred despite the fact that it is "a marginal field", to the point that "if the extraction of the mineral had already started everything would be done and would have been a failure, and the country would have been a liability very big".Gomez also said that "for a business occasion we were going to install a time bomb in the middle of the country" and asked: "If this had been a wealth why not exploded since 1916, date on which was discovered? ".On the side of the street is, for example, Federico Ifrán, principal of one of the restaurants, who told El Pais that its position in favor of the project downplayed friendships with those who felt the same.Traders do not lower their arms and continue to believe that is possible and that is a good mining business.For this, a Chamber of Mining Suppliers of Cerro Chato and Valentines was formed in order to continue defending the investments were commercially advanced and were suspended.Eduardo Garcia, president of the Chamber, said that the pause of the mining project has affected everyone, "but took it in stride, still working for the project goes, we think it is a good opportunity for all.""Traders we were thinking of making a logistics center on the outskirts of Cerro Chato where the worker, the employer, the visitor or investor will find supermarkets, restaurants, gas stations, hotels, workshops, turners, carpenters, shops, car rentals among other services, "he said," but do not lower the curtain, we improve all want this opportunity, "summed García.Hope.The years 2011 and 2012 were the years of maximum takeoff Cerro Chato, Valentines and adjacent rural areas to mineral exploration tasks. During those years a new source of job creation was a projection of 3,000 direct jobs during the first year, and 1,500 in the 20 years expected operation, regardless of the generation of indirect jobs emerged. This meant that each put an to think about future business partners. In this regard, workers who were dismissed said the project involves no continuity of "a loss of jobs, especially since there are no chances of getting another source" beyond the fields.Francisco Da Silva, which integrates the management of the Union of Metalworkers and Allied Branches, said that on average "$ 25,000 are not going to go over to the homes of those 500 people who lost their jobs, more everything has left along the way, such as construction projects, logistics and infrastructure investments, "he said," because the entire region was getting ready to sell services and any moment everything fell apart. " According to Da Silva, probably "given the failure of the project may mean that young people have to leave here.""With Aratirí area turners opened, workers were improved, increased the number of mechanical workshops, service station Cerro Chato employed 15 to 20 workers and now has only 5" he said.Added to this is that, according to Da Silva, "officials of the Australian company had rented dozens of homes, and many homes erected on their land that for years that were vacant," said the worker.Now, the hope for these workers is that the shareholder Aratirí, Zamin Ferrous, manages to sell the project. It is estimated that this could be Aurum Ventures, but it is uncertain when they materialize. Its website Aurum presents the project as their own: to produce 9 million tons per year first and then 18 million. But authorities will put cold cloths. The Economy Minister Danilo Astori said weeks ago that the price of iron is low and "the profitability of such a project is currently in question."Raise employment plant in ValentinesAratirí workers resolved to lift the occupation of the offices after reaching an agreement with the authorities. Francisco Da Silva, member of the Management of the Metal Workers Union and Allied Branches (UNTMRA), said that "the first payment percentage of layoffs will be paid on Thursday, December 3, and by February debt with workers stay paid off ". Da Silva said workers are 94. To reach this agreement, the MTSS had requested that measures for 12 hours in order to reach an instance of dialogue without pressure will rise. Valentines Aratirí unemployment. Photo: Nestor AraujoIn assembly it was decided to grant the request, which finally established that the December 3 Aratirí pay 45% of the dismissals. 23 of the same month an additional percentage will be paid for the second month and next year and fulfill the totality of the debt. This was confirmed Silva adding parallel track became binding operators, to be absorbed by any investor that may come to exploit the iron in Valentines. Da Silva said the government commitment is necessary to require the company to hire local staff.Another Indian could keep businessAratirí project has had multiple twists and turns, especially during the administration of former President Jose Mujica, who had assigned great importance to stimulate the central-east of the country. However, the sharp decline that took the price of iron seems to have influenced the talks between government and investors.The date for signing an agreement between the parties expired on November 24, as determined by Parliament. Now, the shareholder today Aratirí, Zamin Ferrous, has a term of 90 days to submit to other interested groups. If they present other interested start to run another 120 days for it to reach an understanding. Company sources told El Pais that the investor will surely be another Indian group, Aurum Ventures, which is currently negotiating with Zamin Ferrous. Aurum Ventures was founded by the investor in 1999. Ashish Deora Deora is estimated to arrive in Uruguay these days.